How to work out how much you can afford to borrow for a mortgage
If you are hoping to get a mortgage to buy a home, various factors go into how lenders work out how much you can borrow, for example, how much you earn and the size of your deposit.
What mortgage can I get with my salary?
Your salary will have a large impact on the amount of money you’ll be able to borrow for a mortgage. Generally speaking, banks and building societies can offer four to five times the annual income of the applicant(s).
If you’re buying alone, for example, and earn £30k per year, you could be offered up to £150k.
However, there are some exceptions to this. For example, some banks offer more to borrowers who have high earnings or have a larger deposit. If you fit into desirable categories, then you may be able to borrow up to six times your yearly income.
Other things that impact the mortgage multiples
Along with your salary, lenders will also consider:
Lenders will conduct an affordability assessment to find out more about your monthly outgoings. You may need to answer some questions about regular bills, transport costs, debt repayments, and how much money you spend on leisure activities.
You may also need to provide access to payslips and bank statements to support your application.
The interest rates also play a big role when it comes to how much money you might be able to borrow. In the majority of cases, lenders conduct a ‘stress test’ on a proposed repayment plan, to ensure that you are earning enough to withstand a rise in interest rates of at least 3%.
If you get a fixed-rate mortgage, then interest rates will not rise until your fixed rate period ends.
However, if you have a variable-rate mortgage, the interest you pay could rise or fall at any point during the term.
What mortgage can I get with my salary using help to buy?
Help to Buy equity loans are in place to help first time buyers purchase a new build house with a government loan. The size of the loan and the maximum price will vary depending on the properties location.
In England, excluding London, there are regional price caps in place that limit the maximum cost of properties that are sold under the scheme. You can get an equity loan that covers up to 20% of the value of the property. In London, properties priced up to £600k are eligible, and you can get an equity loan of up to 40%.
In order to qualify, you will need to have at least a 5% deposit, be planning to purchase a property that you intend to use as your main home, and be planning to purchase a property that is within the price limits of the scheme.
However, the help to buy equity loan scheme is coming to an end, find out all relevant information on the help to buy and government websites.
How to improve your chances of being accepted
The process of applying for a mortgage is not always easy to navigate, even if you have bought a home before. Different factors will impact your application, from your employment situation to the type of property that you want to buy.
Along with this, each lender has different criteria in place when it comes to assessing mortgage applications. If you are planning to apply for a mortgage, then here are some of the main things that can improve your chances of being accepted.
Do I need a regular income to get a mortgage?
It is not just the size of your salary that mortgage lenders will look at when assessing your application, A lender is more likely to approve your application if your employment is stable and long-term.
In general, you will need to have been working in your current job for a minimum of three months before you apply.
However, there are other options available if you have less than 3 months employment in your current job.
Get on the electoral register
Lenders don’t just look at your income and expenses – you will improve your chances of getting a mortgage if you are registered to vote at your current address.
This can be a huge step in improving your application and is one of the ways that lenders check your identity and where you live. You can easily get on the electoral register at any time by doing it online or contacting your local council.
Improve your credit score
The better your credit score, the easier it will be for you to get a mortgage application approved. You can get a free credit report from any of the three main credit agencies: Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion.
Before you apply for a mortgage, it’s a good idea to carefully check your credit report – in some cases, records might have errors that could be bringing your score down more than it should be, which can harm your chances of being accepted for a mortgage. If you find any errors, then get in touch with the credit agency to correct them.
If you do not have a very strong credit history, then it could take a while for you to rebuild it. Any incidents in the past where you have had issues with debt or missed bill payments could be a significant problem when it comes to applying for a mortgage.
It is a good idea to set up direct debits for your regular bills to make sure that you avoid missing any future payments. And, take a look at your overall credit use; you may be able to pay off smaller debts or close down accounts and credit cards that you no longer need.
On the other hand, if you have never taken out any credit, you may not have much, if anything, on your credit history. Lenders might be reluctant to offer you a mortgage in this situation since they do not have any evidence of how you have managed money in the past. If this is the case, consider getting a credit card and using it to pay for things that you would normally buy such as petrol and food, and pay it in full every month.
Increase your deposit
A larger mortgage deposit can increase the chances of your mortgage application along with potentially offering you more opportunities for better mortgage deals with lower interest rates.
The minimum deposit that you will usually need to save up for in the current market is 5% of the property’s purchase price. However, if you can save up for more, this could help improve your chance of having the application accepted and help you get a better deal.
Before you submit the application to your chosen lender, it’s important to make sure that you have all the relevant paperwork to hand.
Be careful when you fill out the application form, as even small mistakes could lead to big delays. In some cases, just one or two simple errors could set you back significantly.
Avoid applying for multiple mortgages at the same time since this can damage your credit score. This is why could be beneficial to speak to a broker when applying for a mortgage as they will be able to explore the mortgage market without affecting your credit score.